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By J L Bintliff

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The degree of coherence has to be established, not assumed, and the multidimensionality of the variation in the archaeological record which the New Archaeologists established suggests that high coherence is less likely rather than more. Under a different guise, this issue of coherence has also been an implicit concern in some structuralist approaches. , Hodder 1982). Most such studies are purely synchronic, of course, examining symbolic relationships in a notional present, but essentially they are based on a claimed pattern of coherent correlation between different material culture phenomena.

The discussion of Baupla¨ne, above). In fact, such demographic issues are more widely relevant. If a particular population is expanding, then much of its cultural repertoire will expand with it because of the importance of parent–offspring cultural transmission, even if that repertoire has nothing to do with the reasons why the population is expanding. Similarly, if it goes extinct, then those aspects of its cultural repertoire which have a strong element of vertical transmission will go extinct too, even if they were not the reason for the decline.

In I. ), The Spatial Organization of Culture, pp. 113–39. London: Duckworth. Shennan, S. J. 1989a. ‘‘Archaeology as archaeology or anthropology? ’’ Antiquity 63: 831–5. Shennan, S. J. 1989b. ’’ In S. J. ), Archaeological Approaches to Cultural Identity, 1–32. London: Unwin Hyman. Shennan, S. J. 2002. Genes, Memes and Human History: Darwinian Archaeology and Cultural Evolution. London: Thames and Hudson. Shennan, S. J. and J. Steele 1999. ’’ In H. Box and K. ), Mammalian Social Learning: Comparative and Ecological Perspectives, pp.

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