Read e-book online A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of PDF

By Pradyot Patnaik

The definitive advisor to the dangerous homes of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their dangerous houses, A accomplished consultant to the damaging homes of chemicals, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists. hence, it bridges the distance among unsafe fabrics and chemistry. generally up-to-date and extended, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, commercial solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive components, overlaying every thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges detrimental chemicals in line with their chemical buildings and practical teams for simple reference
  • Includes up to date details at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive houses of chemical substances
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the edge publicity limits within the office air for a couple of substances
  • Features the newest info on business solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • Includes various tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference

since it presents details that allows people with a chemistry historical past to accomplish tests with no previous information, this complete reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to business hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in similar fields.

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Sample text

Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the lining of the eyelids. Corrosive Substance that causes local chemical burn and destruction of tissues on COMMON TERMS contact. The substance reacts chemically with the tissues at the point of contact. Cyanosis Occurs owing to reduced oxygenation of the blood with symptoms of discoloration of the skin (slightly blue or purple). Toxicological causes include, carbon monoxide poisoning, pulmonary edema, and asphyxiant gases. Dermatitis Symptoms of scaly and dry rashes on the skin with a chemical.

Steatosis, also known as fatty liver, results from the accumulation of excess lipid (more than 5% lipid by weight) in the liver. Many chemicals can cause this, and the lesions can be either acute or chronic. Ethanol is a classic example, causing both acute and chronic lesions. It induces large droplets of fat in the cell. On the other hand, substances such as tetracycline and phosphorus produce many A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, by Pradyot Patnaik Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

It is an example of a chemical asphyxiant that blocks oxygen transport and causes death even at a very low concentration. Chlorine and hydrogen halides are pungent suffocating gases, highly irritating to mucous membranes, that can cause pulmonary edema, lung injury, and respiratory arrest. Hydrogen cyanide and metal cyanides, especially those of alkali metals, are extremely acute poisons. The cyanide ion is an inhibitor of cytochrome oxidase, blocking 23 cellular respiration. Many metal ions, including arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, manganese, barium, and selenium, are highly toxic to humans.

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