By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary provides a finished survey of the full diversity of historical close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the crucial types of historic structure inside of their geographical and old context, and describes positive factors of significant websites resembling Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to some of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the diversities of common old architectural constructions corresponding to pyramids, tombs and homes, info the development fabric and methods hired, and clarifies expert terminology.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Barque chapel Kiln for the fabrication of baked bricks, Luxor (Egypt) 30 In Egyptian temples the barques used for the ritual journeys of the gods were stored in small peripteral chapels on a podium with a central stand for the barque. In the Graeco-Roman period they became more elaborate, like miniature buildings, complete with a NAOS and a covered ambulatory. Bamah: isometric reconstruction (after Barrois) BASTAM (ANCIENT RUSA URUTUR) Bastam (ancient Rusa Urutur) Iran, see map p. xviii. Urartian town and citadel founded by King Rusa II (between 685 and 645 BC) and destroyed at the end of the 6th C BC.
The private and royal tombs had simple rectangular chambers, roofed with corbelor true vaults. Assyrian architecture is essentially of Mesopotamian origin and the foreign influence is of minor importance in spite of the many different cultures incorporated into the empire. Any import came from the more immediate neighbourhood of North Syria, for instance the BÎT-HILANI-type structures built by Sennacherib at NINEVEH and probably the practice of lining the walls with orthostats. , The Art of Ancient Mesopotamia (London, New York 1969) axis A building is described as being on an axis if one can draw a straight line through the middle of the plan vertically or horizontally.
The reasons for this preference are not known. During the Ur III period (c. 2112–2004 BC) it was generally replaced by a straight line approach. See also AXIS. Beth-Shan (modern Beisan) Palestine, see map p. xix. Eighteen levels of occupation, ranging from the Chalcolithic to Arab times, were discovered. The archaeological reports, especially those concerning architecture, only deal with levels IX to VII (c. 14th and 13th C BC). Of interest are the so-called Canaanite Temples. The installation of level IX had a longitudinal and irregular layout.