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Additional info for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms

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1 There are diphthongs in PIE, but their occurrence is predictable based on the Basic PIE Syllabification Rule in (9). If [y] or [w] occurs after a vowel, the vowel-glide sequence will be realized as a diphthong (and not as two syllables); if one of these sounds occurs before a vowel, it is considered to be an onset. 20 (9) Basic PIE Syllabification Rule (Schindler 1977) operating iteratively from right to left: [+son, -syll]Æ[+syll]/{[-syll], #}___{[-syll], #} “sonorants become syllabic when between any combination of two nonsyllabics and word boundaries” The syllabification rule is easily handled by a constraint-based system such as OT.

3. 39 is applicable to acrostatic root nouns in weak cases. The tableau in (16) shows that if given no underlying accent, the word will still have stress, which is the situation presented by amphikinetic root nouns in strong cases. 2. The inputs in these tableaux represent generic root nouns. For the sake of simplicity, specific input forms with phonemic content are not necessary. This step towards simplification will be repeated in future tableaux, if the appropriate point can be made without using concrete inputs.

29) IO-NOFLOP(ACCENT) [NOFL(A)] (Alderete 1999) Do not shift accent; for every accent ai that is linked to a segment si, if aiℜao and ao is linked to so, then siℜso. Assign a * for every ai where this is not the case. The above faithfulness constraints interact with three different alignment constraints to yield the outputs of the weak cases. The constraint ALIGNL expresses a preference for leftmost stress, which is the original insight of the BAP. However, stress is not always aligned with the leftmost morpheme of a word in PIE, and this will be explained by the exact 44 ranking of ALIGNL.

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