Alan Turing - download pdf or read online

By Jim Eldridge

Alan Turing used to be the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. He created one of many first designs for a stored-program desktop and is commonly thought of to be the daddy of machine technological know-how and synthetic intelligence.

During international warfare II, Turing labored for the govt. Code and Cypher institution at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre, the place he used to be accountable for breaking German naval codes, together with the supposedly unbreakable Enigma code, and assisting the Atlantic convoys keep away from German U-boat assaults. This paintings most likely shortened global struggle II by means of as much as 4 years, saving thousands of lives.

This is the tale of the fantastic lifestyles and paintings of a British hero and one of many maximum thinkers of the twentieth century.

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He did the work and understood it as well as anyone. When it came to solving mathematical problems, he did not understand why his teachers could not see that he did not need to work out the answer by a long and tedious method, when the correct answer simply leapt out at him. Already, Alan’s different way of thinking, a kind of ‘lateral’ way of working out problems, was showing itself. Some teachers at the school did see Alan’s potential, particularly the chemistry teacher. Chemistry was one of Alan’s favourite subjects, and he spent many hours conducting chemistry experiments.

He wanted to create a machine that wasn’t just a fast-acting supersonic calculating machine, but a device that could reason, and reach a conclusion about a problem – any problem, including artistic or literary issues as well as scientific ones. Alan was aiming to develop something capable of artificial intelligence. 13 AI In October 1950 Alan published one of his most famous articles, in the magazine Mind. ’ Alan went on to describe the problems that he felt a machine, properly programmed, could deal with.

It said: Action This Day. Make sure they [Bletchley Park] have all they want on extreme priority and report to me that this has been done. Gradually, with more staff identifying the cribs and running them through the Bombes, the Enigma code began to be broken. However, the cracking of the code led to another problem: If the military took action based on the cracked messages, then it could arouse the suspicions of the Germans that their code had been broken, and they might well change the code structure again.

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