By Gan Fuxi
The Silk highway is a chief artery connecting Europe and Asia for political, least expensive, cultural and technical trade in antiquity, and glass is among the earliest man made fabrics to be invented. learning the starting place and evolution of historic glass alongside the Silk street is therefore major for figuring out the improvement and alternate of tradition and expertise among China and abroad.
This ebook, for the 1st time, strains the beginning, evolution and spreading of old chinese language glass expertise. It collects a wealth of information contributed via chinese language and international specialists in regards to the heritage and history, visible features and chemical compositions of the unearthed old glasses from alongside the Northern (Oasis) Silk highway, specifically from the Xinjiang Province (known because the Western zone in historical times). The publication provides new result of the stories on historical glasses alongside the Southern and Sea Silk Roads, and discusses the impact of the Silk highway on historical chinese language glass expertise and paintings.
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Additional info for Ancient Glass Research Along the Silk Road
9. 4 shows the distribution of unearthing sites of ancient Chinese lead barium silicate and potash silicate glasses dating from the Warring States and the Han Dynasty. 6. Glass ritual disk (bi) with a nipple pattern, unearthed at Changsha, Hunan (Warring States period). 7. Glass eye bead unearthed at Wangshan, Jiangling, Hubei (middle Warring States, around 329 BC). 4. Early Chinese high lead silicate glass and potash lead silicate glass (Six Dynasties to Northern Song Dynasty, 200–1200 AD) Ancient Chinese glasses were mostly made into ritual utensils and ornaments to imitate jade ones.
7. Condition and chemical composition of glass samples from remote areas in China. A. Condition of samples Number of sample Name of tomb Han tomb Zhalainuer tomb Weiwu, Gansu Holabiar, Inner Mongolia Hami, Xinjiang XJ-46 No. 14 XJ-42 Ancient AKe-Si-Pi-Li Castle Hetian, Xinjiang Description of sample Green ear pendant Green bead Blue squach-shaped bead fragment Eye bead with black body and green inlaid Date Han Dynasty (200–100 BC) Western Han B. 21 Most of these glasses were excavated from ancient tombs of the Han Dynasty, such as the ancient cemeteries of the Han Dynasty in Hepu of Guangxi province.
Their chemical compositions measured by different methods gave different results. 3 shows the chemical compositions of those glass samples. However, all of them belong to the alkali lime silicate glass system (R2O–CaO–SiO2), including two types differing from the molecular ratio K2O/Na2O, and the content of CaO is about 3–8% (by weight). 4), Henan province, shows the ratio K2O/Na2O < 1, which should be the soda lime silicate glass. These glass beads should come from the West (to be discussed in another paper).