By Maaike Groot
This quantity explores the function of animals within the rural groups of Civitas Batavorum within the first to 3rd centuries advert. Large-scale excavations of 2 settlements and a cremation cemetery in Tiel-Passewaaij have yielded an animal bone assemblage of round 30,000 fragments, and a worthwhile reference catalog of the specific animal deposits is integrated the following. the writer additionally investigates using animals in funerary and different rituals, in addition to the position of farm animals within the neighborhood economic system and within the creation of surplus items for the Roman market.
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Additional resources for Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)
79 The main purpose of this study is to reconstruct the various roles of animals in a rural community in the Eastern Dutch River Area, and to find out how this community was integrated into the Roman Empire. The animal bones from Tiel-Passewaaij will allow us to answer not just zooarchaeological research questions, but wider archaeological ones. This will be accomplished by considering several research questions which can be grouped into three main sections. These sections are discussed in three separate chapters.
Finally, it is not only the size of the assemblage that is to our advantage; the preservation of the animal bones varied from good to excellent, as a result of the clay soil and the high water table. 1 . 5 . 2 limitatio n s However, despite the potential of the animal bone assemblage from Tiel-Passewaaij, there are limitations to what the animal bones can tell us. One of the problems is that the number of animal bones from some of the phases is rather small. The size of the assemblage from the cemetery is also much smaller than would be desirable.
The settlement of Oppidum Batavorum was founded at the beginning of the 1st century AD. 44 The Batavian revolt in 69-70 AD halted further development when the town was burned to the ground. 46 Evidence was found here for crafts such as metalworking, bone working and pottery making. Under Traianus, the town received municipal status, market rights and a new name: Ulpia Noviomagus Batavorum. 49 Between 71 and 102/104 AD, the Tenth Legion was quartered in Nijmegen, which explains the large number of soldiers.